||설빔||

my brother visited from korea earlier this month and brought me some illustrated books to add to my collection.  this book is easily the pretties of the lot.

설빔: 여자아이 고운옷

written and illustrated by 배현주, first published in 2006

it’s simple to read, even for me, and the illustrations are beautiful.  it’s all about a little girl getting dressed up for new year’s (설날).  new year, new day, new morning.  the day that we can make a new start on everything.  the first snow of the new year falls from the new clouds.

but among all of the “new” things that come with the new year, the best one is new clothes…

설빔 1 설빔 2설빔 3 설빔 4설빔 5 설빔 6설빔 7

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못 먹는 감

The other day, my husband and I were listening to the Melon playlist in the car together, and my ears perked up at a curious phrase: 못 먹는 감. I was so excited because if I’d heard this song earlier in my Korean studies, it would have just slipped past me.  This is why I love listening to Korean music–I seem to hear and pick up on different things each time.  Anyway, I understood the phrase to mean, “the 감 (persimmon) you can’t eat” but it seemed like there was more to it than my basic translation. So I asked my husband to explain.

못 먹는 감 comes from the idiom 못 먹는 감 찔러나 본다, which is kind of tough to explain. It essentially means to pierce the 감 that you can’t eat. 찔리다 means to get/be pierced or poked. I don’t understand the grammar of 찔러나 본다, but idioms can’t be understood by simply translating and breaking down the grammar. My husband instead focused on explaining the meaning behind this seemingly bizarre phrase.

Essentially, 못 먹는 감 찔러나 본다 is rough equivalent to the English expression, “sour grapes”. Just as the phrase “sour grapes” refers to someone who is bitter because they can’t get something they want (grapes, in the original fable), the Korean idiom uses the persimmon to stand for the object of desire. However, a small difference is that in the Korean idiom, you know you can’t have it but you still give it a try (poking at it).

My husband told me that people often use this phrase in the situation where a guy is trying to get a girl who is just way out of his league, just trying anyway even though he knows he’ll fail. So the song which started this whole discussion (못 먹는 감 by 산이 & 매드클라운), is describing someone doing just this. The song is about completely striking out, and the girl in question becomes a case of “inedible persimmon” to the narrator.

So interesting. Aren’t you SO INTERESTED???! Why aren’t you as interested in this as I am? Ugh I could really go for a persimmon right about now.

korean study challenge, week 2

Week 1 of my Korean Study Challenge is complete!  I spent less time studying than I had intended (I did about 3.5 hours instead of the 5+ which I had aimed for), but it was a great week of learning. I made my way through Unit 5, picking up a lot of new words in the process, and ended up scoring a 94% on the end-of-unit test. Not too bad.

A few notes:

1. 잡수시다 vs. 드시다

These two words are synonyms, but there is a specific case for using  잡수시다 over 드시다.

Use 잡수시다 when you’re saying “진지를 잡수시다” — 진지 is the honorific for a meal, and it can only be used with잡수시다.

In other cases, you can use 드시다.

2. 자녀 vs 자식

Again, both words are synonyms, but each has a nuanced meaning.

Use 자녀 when you’re talking about your children, sons and daughters. 자=son (like 효자) and 녀=daughter (효녀). Use 자식 to talk about the children in your family. Like, to say how many children you have.

My husband told me that 자녀 is the more common usage.

Now, let’s move on to this week’s study material.

♡ Unit 6 Vocabulary♡

6-1: 감정, 생각

  1. 감사: thanks
  2. 감사인사: thankful greeting
  3. 감사 편지: thank you note
  4. 감사를 전하다: to send thanks
  5. 걱정이 있다: to worry
  6. 걱정이 많다: to have may worries
  7. 관심: interest
  8. 관심이 많다: to be very interested
  9. 관심을 갖다: to have interest
  10. 성적: (academic) grades/marks
  11. 은/ㄴ 기분이 들다: to have some feeling
  12. 기쁘다: to be happy
  13. 놀라다: to be surprised
  14. 놀란 가슴: a startled state of mind
  15. 몰론: of course, needless to say
  16. 반갑다: to be glad, delighted, happy
  17. 반가운 소식: happy news
  18. 반가운 손님: a welcomed guest
  19. 반갑게 맞다: to give a joyous welcome
  20. 맞다: to greet, welcome
  21. 사랑에 빠지다: to fall in love
  22. 생각이 나다: to remember
  23. 생각이 들다: to think of something
  24. 슬프게 울다: to cry painfully
  25. 싫증: weariness, being annoyed
  26. 싫증이 나다: to be tired
  27. 싫증을 느끼다: to feel weary
  28. 지루하다: to feel dull 
  29. 아마: maybe, perhaps
  30. 외롭다: to feel lonely
  31. 쓸쓸하다: to be alone
  32. 잊다: to forget
  33. 깜빡 잊다: to slip one’s mind
  34. 잊어 버리다: to forget
  35. 즐거운 마음: happy mood
  36. 즐겁다: to be cheerful, happy
  37. 즐겁게 지내다 to be living happily
  38. 필요: need (은/ㄴ 필요가 있다)
  39. 필요하다: to need
  40. 행복한 삶: a blissful life
  41. 불행하다: to be unhappy
  42. 화: anger
  43. 화가 나다: to feel angry
  44. 화를 내다: to express anger 
  45. 감정: feeling, emotion

6-2: 직업

  1. 가요: song
  2. 간호사: nurse
  3. 환자: patient
  4. 경찰: police
  5. 경찰관: police officer
  6. 경찰서: police station
  7.  공무원: government employee, civil servant
  8. 교사: teacher
  9. 교수: professor (교수님)
  10. 군인: soldier
  11. 군대: armed services
  12. 기사: driver
  13. 운전기사: driver
  14. 승객: passenger
  15. 기사: technician
  16. 엔지니어: engineer
  17. 기자: reporter, journalist
  18. 농부: farmer
  19. 농사: farming
  20. 농촌: farming village, area
  21. 되다: to be, to become, to go well, to be becoming
  22. 의사가 되다: to become a doctor
  23. 봄이 되다:to become spring
  24. 밥이 되다: the meal is ready
  25. 잘하게 되다: to do better
  26. 신인 배우: a new actor
  27. 연극: a play
  28. 연기하다: to act
  29. 검사: prosecutor
  30. 판사: judge
  31. 법원: court
  32. 비서: secretary
  33. 화장: president, chairman
  34. 사장: CEO
  35. 운동선수: a sports athlete
  36. 소설가: a novelist
  37. 작가: writer
  38. 약사: pharmacist
  39. 연예인: celebrity
  40. 방송국: broadcasting station
  41. 주부: housewife, homemaker
  42. 가정주부: family homemaker
  43. 직업을 갖다: to get a job
  44. 직업을 구하다: to look for a job
  45. 직장: occupation
  46. 화가: artist, painter
  47. 직원: employer

6-3: 자세, 움직임

  1. 걷다: to walk
  2. 걸어서 가다: to go by walking
  3. 길을 걷다: to walk on the streets
  4. 뛰다: to run
  5. 눕다: to lay down
  6. 침대에 눕다: to lay on the bed
  7. 엎드리다: to lay face down
  8. 들어가다: to become a member
  9. 학교에 들어가다: to get accepted by a school
  10. 뛰어가다: to run out
  11. 달리다: to dash
  12. 서다: to stand, to stop/halt
  13. 서 있다:  to be standing
  14. 줄을 서다: to stand in line
  15. 차가 서다: the car has stopped
  16. 안다: to hug
  17. 아이를 안다: to hug the child
  18. 업다: to carry on one’s pack
  19. 올라가다: to go up (in many senses of the word)
  20. 계단을 올라가다: to go up the stairs
  21. 위로 올라가다: to go above
  22. 내려가다: to go down, south
  23. 승급하다: to be promoted
  24. 진급하다: to advance
  25. 잡다: to hold with the hands, to catch sth
  26. 손을 잡다: to hold hands
  27. 택시를 잡다: to catch a cab
  28. 기회를 잡다: to grab the chance
  29.  기회: chance, opportunity
  30. 놓치다: to lose the chance

korean study challenge, week 1

Recently I have been motivated to up my Korean study, which for the past year or so, has pretty much been nonexistent.  And so now in addition to my Korean cooking challenge, I am issuing myself a Korean study challenge.

Should I call it “Study Like a Korean High School Student?”

No because that means I’ve got to do things like memorize hundreds of words per day and eat pages out of the dictionary. Actually my Korean co-teacher once took it upon herself to tutor me in Korean and gave me a huge list of words I should learn by the next day. The words were in no way related, simply listed alphabetically, and I could only learn about 10 or 15 words by the next day, and she was so disappointed. So no, I will not be studying like a Korean high school student. But I will be spending at least an hour per day studying and practicing with my husband.

Text: 외국인을 위한 한국어 어휘 연습 : 초급 

I’ve been working my way through this book over the past two years and for various reasons I have not gotten very far, but it’s seriously such an excellent textbook. So many new words in each chapter. For each word there might be synonyms and antonyms and example sentences full of new words and grammar patterns. It can be a bit overwhelming, but I’ve ended up learning a lot from using it. I’ll be sharing the a unit’s new-to-me vocabulary words at the beginning of each week, and at the end of the week, the results of the unit wrap-up test. Woo 화이팅 here we go!

♡ Unit 5 Vocabulary ♡

5-1: 가족, 친척

 

  1. 가족 모임: family meeting
  2. 친척: relative
  3. 고모: paternal aunt
  4. 고모부: paternal aunt’s husband
  5. 이모: maternal aunt
  6. 아들딸: son and daughter
  7. 자녀: children
  8. 사촌: cousin
  9. 사촌 형제: cousins
  10. 헹제: sibling
  11. 외삼촌:maternal uncle
  12. 숙부: paternal uncle (father’s younger brother)
  13. 숙무: paternal uncle’s wife (father’s younger brother’s wife)
  14. 시어머니: mother-in-law (only used for husband’s mother)
  15. 조카: nephew/niece
  16. 큰아버지: paternal uncle (father’s older brother)
  17. 큰집: father’s older brother’s house
  18. 큰어머니: paternal aunt (father’s older brother’s wife)
  19. 작은 아버지: uncle (father’s younger brother)

5-2: 관계

  1. 약혼: engagement
  2. 이혼: divorce
  3. 신혼여행: honeymoon
  4. 누구나: whoever
  5. 누구든지: anyone
  6. 아무: anyone, no one
  7. 시부모: parents-in-law
  8. 부부사이: husband-wife relationship
  9. 서로서로: with each other
  10. 소개하다: to introduce
  11. 소개로 만나다: to be introduced
  12. 자기소개: self-introduction
  13. 친구소개: a friend’s introduction
  14. 아무도: no one (아무+도=negative)
  15. 아무라도, 아무나: anyone (아무+ 라도/나=positive)
  16. 애인: significant other
  17. 저희: we (formal)
  18. 친한친구: a close friend
  19. 친구를 사귀다: to get to know a friend
  20. 친하다: to be close
  21. 친하게 지내다: to be good friends
  22. 형제자매: brothers and sisters
  23. 자매: sisters

5-3: 이름, 나이, 성별

  1. 나이가 들다: to age
  2. 나이를 먹다: to get older
  3. 연세: age (for elders)
  4. 노인: elderly, senior citizens
  5. 늙은이: elderly
  6. 청년: youth
  7. 드리다: to give (hon)
  8. 뵙다: to meet (hon)
  9. 부르다: to call
  10. 노래를 부르다: to sing the song
  11. 이름을 부르다: to call the name
  12. 아기: baby
  13. 아기가 울다: the baby cries
  14. 아기가 태어나다: the baby is born
  15. 아기를 낳다: to give birth
  16. 아이: child
  17. 어린 아이: a young child
  18. 노는 아이: the playing child
  19. 아이를 돌보다: to watch over a child
  20. 자식: children
  21. 아주머니: a lady, like an auntie
  22. 어른: adult
  23. 어른이 되다: to become an adult
  24. 유명하다: to be famous
  25. 아름을 짓다: to give a name
  26. 성명: full name
  27. 성함: family name and last name
  28. 잡수시다: to eat (hon)

5-4: 외모, 성격

  1. 외모: appearance, look
  2. 성격: personality
  3. 다정하다: to be affectionate
  4. 모습: image, reflection
  5. 똑똑하다: to be smart, bright
  6. 머리를 똑똑하다: to be very intelligent
  7. 마음: personality, a thought or idea
  8. 마음씨: mind, heart
  9. 마음이 좋다: to have a good heart/personality
  10. 마음이 넓다: to be generous
  11. 마음에 들다: to like something
  12. 부지런하다: to be diligent, hard-working
  13. 부지런한 사람: a hard-working person
  14. 부지런하게 일하다: to work diligently
  15. 게으르다: to be laxy
  16. 성격이 밝다: to have a bright/positive personality
  17. 성격이 좋다: to have a good personality
  18. 성격이 급하다: to be quick-tempered
  19. 잘생기다: to be good-looking, handsome
  20. 잘생긴 남자: a handsome man
  21. 못생기다: to be ugly
  22. 착하게 살다: to live a good life
  23. 못되다: to be mean
  24. 친절하다: to be kind and gentle

귓밥

omg you guys.

Ear wax in Korean is 귓밥.

EAR 밥.

Let’s file this away under things I wish I knew long ago. Like back in 2007 when I was giggling at the site of Korean drama characters scooping the ear rice out of each other’s ears

I asked how it could possibly be called 밥, which doesn’t make logical sense to me. I mean, I’m biased, but to me, wax seems a more accurate way to describe it than 밥. My husband said, “밥 goes in, 밥 comes out.”

And that is why we are married.